Predictive analytics is analyzing data and making predictions about future events. We define it as using statistical algorithms, machine learning, and other analytical tools to identify trends in historical data. And make accurate predictions about future performances or events.
There are four main types of predictive analytics: descriptive, diagnostic, prognostic, and prescriptive.
Descriptive analytics describes past events; diagnostic analytics identifies root causes; predictive analytics predicts what will happen next; prescriptive analytics suggests how you should act now based on your goals.
Predictive Analytics Applications
We use these analytics in various industries, such as healthcare, fraud detection, and stock market simulation. Predictive analytics is a set of statistical techniques that extract information from data. And then use it to predict future outcomes. It helps you make better decisions by using the past performance of the system under consideration. It is a powerful tool that allows businesses to make better-informed decisions based on historical performance data.
These are some primary applications of predictive analytics:
In business-to-business (B2B) scenarios, predictive analytics helps companies gain insights into consumer behavior to retain customers or predict demand for new products.
For example, suppose a consumer has demonstrated interest in a particular product or service over time. In that case, his purchase history can be used to project what he may buy next if given the opportunity. And this information could be helpful when determining which products to feature on your website or in advertising campaigns.
Predictive analytics often involves training machine learning models with historical data so they learn how to make predictions. For instance, identifying patterns within customer transactions that indicate high-value purchases are more likely than low-value ones. And testing those models against newer sets of information and human experts. These experts have tried their methods of predicting outcomes based on experience with similar situations before making decisions about what might happen next time too!
Demand projection is forecasting future demand for a product or service. We project it based on historical data, customer surveys and competitor analysis, industry trends, and other factors.
Customer retention is a crucial aspect of customer relationship management. Retaining existing customers is often more profitable than acquiring new ones. Because it requires less time and effort and has less risk.
We achieve retention by offering incentives such as loyalty programs or discounts on future purchases. A good example is Amazon Prime, which gives members free shipping on all products sold on Amazon's website at no cost and provides access to streaming movies, TV shows, and music via Prime Video (an upgraded membership).
- Cross-selling is when you recommend a product to a customer that they did not originally intend to buy. For example, if you go into the grocery store and buy only bananas, but the cashier suggests some chocolate chip cookies, that's cross-selling.
- Up-selling is when you recommend a more expensive version of a product to a customer—for example, by suggesting that they upgrade from regular-size fries (you know how fast those little guys disappear!) for large ones instead. Asking for extra cheese on your pizza could also be considered up-selling since it can increase your bill by several dollars—and who doesn't want more cheese? Asking for fresh garlic bread instead of plain old garlic toast could qualify as an upsell.
Supply chain optimization
You may be wondering how predictive analytics can help your company. A few examples of how predictive analytics can help businesses include:
- It allows companies forecast demand for their products and services, giving them a better idea of what inventory levels to carry
- Optimizes supply chains by reducing waste in production and logistics processes, as well as optimizing inventory levels and product availability
- Allows companies to make more informed decisions about manufacturing when it comes time to decide where to produce goods based on cost, quality control requirements, and other factors
Customer segmentation is a way to divide customers into groups based on shared characteristics. We often use it to target marketing campaigns and improve customer service. Still, we also apply it in other ways, such as understanding the needs of different types of customers or defining new product offerings.
Customer segmentation can be based on demographics (age, gender), psychographics (lifestyle and values), or behavioral data like what products customers buy from you.
Intrusion detection (Fraud Detection)
Predictive analytics can be used to detect fraud in many industries. Fraud detection is one of the most popular applications of predictive analytics. In this context, predictive analytics see fraudulent transactions and prevent financial losses for banks, credit card companies, and other institutions that offer payment services.
For example, suppose a bank offers customers credit or debit cards.
In that case, it needs to assess whether a particular transaction is legitimate or not to avoid issuing too many cards on a single account (i.e., card cloning).
Similarly, suppose you want insurance coverage from an insurance company without being charged more than what you should pay based on factors such as age and driving history.
Predictive modeling can help you find the best quote by analyzing historical data and comparing it with current information about your driving behavior using various algorithms that predict future risk based on past experiences. E.g., how often do people who are young drive at night? What types of accidents occur more frequently among male drivers versus female drivers?
Predictive analytics can be used in many ways, some more correct and reliable than others. The key to successful predictive analytics is the algorithm's effectiveness in the process. Some uses are clearly more applicable to businesses and corporations than others. Still, each user has the potential to predict an outcome that otherwise might have been difficult to prevent or defend against. With predictive analytics, there will never exist a shortage of issues that need to be addressed, but solutions can now be found before they occur.