Before talking about pedagogy, you must know that teaching adult is very different from teaching children. While we often focus on the differences between students' ages, many factors affect learning styles and techniques. It's important to understand these differences to teach your students effectively.
Pedagogy refers to the theory and practice of teaching. The term comes from the Greek word "paidagogos." Which means "one who leads (a child)." As a science, pedagogy is concerned with how people learn. It includes studying learning theories and processes.
As an art, pedagogy refers to the actual act of teaching or educating someone. Teachers are responsible for imparting knowledge and developing students' thinking skills through educational activities and experiences.
In children's education, we can observe four general types of approaches:
- Traditional methods, such as lecturing or rote memorization.
- Experiential methods that use hands-on activities or simulations.
- Cooperative learning, where students work in groups on projects.
- Critical thinking is where students solve problems that require critical analysis.
How to teach development skills to Adult Learners
While the pedagogy of teaching development skills to adult learners is similar to that used with children. There are some significant differences. For example, while a child may work in a group setting. An adult learner will likely learn better independently or in small groups. This can be because he is more independent and can focus better when not distracted by other students' questions or discussions.
Also, adults are less likely than children to be able to learn at the same pace as their peers. Instead, they need time alone after each lesson before moving on. So they have time to process the information presented and practice what was learned.
The Adult Learning Theory - Andragogy - of Malcolm Knowles (1970)
Andragogy is a learner-centered approach to teaching. It differs from pedagogy, which focuses on the teacher and their role in providing student information. As a result, andragogy emphasizes what is best for the student more than other adult learning theories do.
Andragogy is also based on the concept that adults learn differently than children because they have different life experiences and goals. By considering this when planning lessons, instructors can create more effective approaches to teaching these students.
Andragogy as a model for teaching adults
Andragogy is a model for teaching adults. According to this model, adults have different learning styles: some are visual learners, some are auditory learners, and so on. For example, an adult who wants to learn about nutrition should read up on different types of food. What they contain and how they affect the body. On the other hand, an auditory learner might find it easier to listen to podcasts about nutrition or watch videos about it on YouTube.
How does pedagogy affect the learning process?
Pedagogy is the art and science of teaching. It is the teaching and learning process involving the knowledge of how to teach and how to learn.
The term pedagogy comes from the Greek word paidagogos, which means "guardian." A paidagogos was an enslaved person whose job was to accompany children on their way home from school or wherever they went after school (i.e., walking them home). The purpose of this arrangement was for parents to focus on other tasks without worrying about their children's safety during these times. In this sense, pedagogy is a form of child-rearing practice that has evolved over time into its current function. As education theory and practice—namely, how we teach others about various subjects throughout their lives.
It is a method of teaching that focuses on the social aspects of learning. Social pedagogy benefits teachers and students by allowing them to interact with each other and their surroundings.
We use it in social work. It can benefit people abandoned or neglected by their families or communities. This type of education aims to bring these individuals back into society by helping them develop positive relationships with others.
Social pedagogy also has applications in other fields, such as health care, child development, and education.
Critical pedagogy is a form of teaching that emphasizes the role of social and political factors in learning.
In critical pedagogy, instructors examine how power affects social interactions, such as between teachers and students. This can lead to a conscious effort by instructors to identify their own biases and self-deceptions when interacting with students. Especially those who are culturally different from them. It also encourages non-traditional methods for teaching—for example, giving students more control over what they learn or how they learn it by allowing them to choose among different resources (texts, videos, websites) that fit their interests and needs better than traditional course materials often do.
Cultural Responsive Pedagogy
In teaching and learning, it is essential to recognize that all students interpret their experiences and use the knowledge, skills, and attitudes they have gained to make meaning. In other words, how students make sense of their lives influences how they interpret what happens in their classrooms.
Cultural responsive pedagogy focuses on indicators of students' cultural backgrounds, such as race/ethnicity, sex/gender identity, sexual orientation, or religion, that influence how students learn and make meaning from their experiences in school. Cultural responsive educators are aware of these differences and how these factors interact with each other to affect learning outcomes for diverse learners (e.g., African-American males).
Socratic pedagogy is based on the Socratic method, inquiry, and dialogue between individuals. In this form of teaching, the teacher asks questions to stimulate critical thinking and reflection in students. These questions challenge assumptions, beliefs, and theories about a topic. The result is that students are encouraged to question their assumptions about something rather than accepting them without thought.
We can apply this approach in any subject area or discipline. It encourages students to think more deeply about what they are learning by questioning themselves and others' ideas (including those presented by their teachers).
Teaching adults is very different from teaching children.
Teaching adults is very different from teaching children. It's not just a matter of maturity level but also how people learn and retain information as they go through life.
To teach effectively, you will need to understand the differences between the two groups and how best to approach each situation.
Experiential Learning -
Adults learn best when they have practical experience with a topic or lesson plan. For example, if you want an adult student without any knowledge base on geology or meteorology to understand what earthquakes are, then taking them out into the field where they can experience an earthquake themselves will help them retain that information better than just reading about it in a book would. We often associate this type of learning with hands-on activities like field trips where students get their feet wet (literally), their hands dirty (literally), and their heads full (figuratively).
Some examples include museum visits and historical tours where participants interact with artifacts from past civilizations while listening to expert commentary on their significance in the historical study. These activities help drive home concepts being taught because they provide context behind why certain things happened in our world's past--and thus, why studying those events provides insight into today's society and tomorrow's future possibilities!
You can also use field trips as a way to break up the monotony of classroom learning. For example, if you're teaching your students about how fossils form and can be found in specific locations. Then taking them on a trip to one of those places and having them search for fossils themselves allows them to connect concepts being taught with real-world examples.
In addition, field trips can provide students with opportunities to learn about themselves and their surroundings by creating opportunities for them to practice their communication skills. For example, suppose you are taking your students on a trip where they will be interacting with other people in a new environment. In that case, this allows them to get used to speaking up when necessary and asking questions of those around them.
This can be especially helpful if your class has a mix of shy students and those who are more outgoing. Field trips can also teach students how science is used to understand our universe. For example, suppose you take your science class on a trip to an observatory or planetarium. In that case, this allows them to experience what it's like for scientists when they try to observe something that is far away from Earth--like stars and planets in our solar system!
Pedagogy is the science of teaching. It involves studying how people learn, which has been around for a long time. As long ago as ancient Greece, philosophers such as Socrates were already developing pedagogical practices that could be applied to classroom settings today.